The Constitutional Court of Croatia has passed a temporary postponement of execution of the extradition of Kurdish refugee Nurettin Oral to Turkey. Extradition of Oral is forbidden until the decision on the constitutional appeal is final. Should the Constitutional Court adopt the constitutional appeal and should it deny disputed settlement, the decision is to be made again. Should the Constitutional Court reject the constitutional appeal, the Minister of Justice shall not allow extradition. Media reports that Croatian state has submitted the information to the ECHR which were requested earlier, after the submission of the official request on activating the temporary postponement of the extradition before serious consideration of the human rights violation Oral is and would be exposed to.
Croatian minister Davor Božinović took part in the Informal Meeting of Justice and Home Affairs Council (JHA) held in Sofia, Bulgaria. He stated that the sovereign right of every nation state is to protect its borders and decided on who is to have access to its territory. But there is also an international humanitarian law, and the moral obligation to offer sanctuary to the ones in need. Reduction of the refugee question to the border protection and selection of the most talented individuals are rather ‘modern’ ways of interpreting the international humanitarian law and altering the reality. Also, there must not be, whatsoever, exclusion of the right to access the territory and access the asylum procedure for those who have moved and entered certain states irregularly. More, the state of legality is changeable depending on the context; and moreover, numerous ramifications of current migration policies and migratory processes have not been adequately addressed in existing legislative solutions.
Last week we have received a note from several foreign civil society organizations and activists that an individual from Syria who has passed through Bosnia and experienced sexual violence – is currently detained in Croatia. Immediately, Croatian CSO’s officially requested from the Ministry of the Interior more information while stressing the condition of the vulnerability of the particular person, and further perils if the person is to be returned to Bosnia. Despite warnings and appeals, the very same person was returned to Bosnia based on the readmission agreements. The person is currently accommodated in the safe house and the UNHCR provides further support which only confirms the seriousness of the particular situation, that had been ignored by the Croatian institutions.
The European Court for Human Rights decides that the detention in cases of returns within the implementation of the EU-Turkey Agreement are not arbitrary and unlawful. Also, ECHR decides that conditions in the so-called hot-spots are not to be described as inhumane. Full read
Doctors of the World/MdM-Belgique issued a report on the state of health of the asylum seekers in Croatia. The report shows that refugees often suffer from ailments that are easily treated in Europe. The MdM stresses that the adequate living conditions and quality nutrition, as well as the timely access to health care, are the most important steps in avoiding both short-term and long-term complications of chronicle diseases, infections, dental, and the mental problems. Namely, due to traumatic experiences refugees face, it is immensely important to provide mental health support. Doctors of the World also stress that access to the full healthcare of the pregnant women should be high on the priority list. All indicates that the state should guarantee an adequate and timely health and psychological care to everyone that needs it.
ECRE has published the analysis on the utilization of the AMIF (The Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund) under the title “Follow the Money: Assessing the use of the AMIF funding at the national level”. This critical analysis offers interesting parts on good practices, challenges, recommendations, etc. We draw your attention to the part of the analysis that brings a conclusion on some nation states disabling the access to the funds to the civil society organizations.